Diverse Approaches to Multicultural Art Education: Some Policy Considerations

This article summarizes the extensive debates that has been around multicultural art education since its start little over a decade ago. Numerous definitions of multicultural art education are discussed, as well as several assessments of the degree to which minority art and culture should be included. incorporated into and distinct from dominant culture; and, ultimately, rival concepts. On the importance of political involvement and aesthetics in multicultural art education detachment. Throughout the process, certain recommendations for future policy choices are made

Cultural Economics

Social solidarity with dummies in the museum pass problem

We study the problem of sharing the revenue obtained by selling museum passes from the axiomatic perspective. In this setting, we propose replacing the usual dummy axiom with a milder requirement; social solidarity with dummies. This new axiom formalizes the philosophical idea that even null agents/museums may have the right to receive a minimum allocation in a sharing situation. By replacing dummy with social solidarity with dummies, we characterize several families of rules, which are convex combinations of the uniform and Shapley approaches. Our findings generalize several existing results in the literature. Also, we consider a domain of problems that is richer than the domain proposed by..

Cultural Economics

Knocking on Hell’s door. Dismantling hate with cultural consumption

How local cultural activities influence development and human behaviour is gaining growing attention in economic geography. Small scale experimental evidence shows that cultural consumption is effective in countering hate. This is crucial, as hate, in turn, has a negative influence on the socioeconomic performance of places. Still, little is known on this, outside few more qualitative case studies. This paper provides a quantitative measure of the impact of cultural consumption on hate events in the Italian NUTS3 regions. IV estimation using a unique longitudinal database, with georeferenced hate manifestations and a population-based measure for cultural consumption, shows that cultural cons..

Cultural Economics

What makes us move, what makes us stay: The role of culture in intra-EU mobility

This article analyses the determinants of international migration flows within the European Union and specifically focuses on the role of cultural and linguistic differences in explaining the size of these flows. For that purpose, a set of indicators of cultural distance are controlled for along with economic, demographic, geographical, political and network variables using data from 28 member states of the European Union over the period 1998-2018. Economic factors play an important role in examining migration flows, but economic differentials alone may be insufficient to explain the uneven real-life migration pattern in the EU. The results suggest strong evidence of the importance of lingui..

Cultural Economics

Cameroonian Consumers' Attitude towards Tv Advertising Form and Content

"Objective - The research focuses on analysing the TV advertising in an environment dominated by social networks and its ever-increasing cost in order to evaluate the influence of its content and form on consumer attitudes in Cameroon. Methodology/Technique - A survey was conducted with a convenience sample of 337 individuals in the cities of Douala, Yaoundé, and Maroua. Principal component analysis and multiple linear regression were used to assess the results. Findings - The results reveal the significant influence of the content (character and language) and even the form (traditional advertising and placement) of television advertising on consumer attitudes. Novelty - It contributes to t..

Cultural Economics

Right to Research and Copyright Law: From Photocopying to Shadow Libraries

Academic research and publishing are facing a crisis. The importance of access to academic literature in an interconnected world, the ever-growing cost of subscriptions to this literature, different revenue models of journals, and reducing or stagnant library budgets are pushing research and the academic community to find alternatives for academic research and publications. In its 25 years of existence, the open access movement and models which sought to contain the crisis have become the subject of considerable criticism. At the same time, a significant portion of academic literature remains locked behind steep paywalls. This has led to the growth of pirate websites and shadow libraries whi..

Cultural Economics

HERITAGE AND TERRITORY PROJECT: CASE OF RABAT (MOROCCO)

To counterbalance the stakes of globalization and generalized competition, territories are compelled to build and manage their territorial attractiveness which is, often, driven by a comparative or even a differentiating advantage. Aware of these issues, the actors of the city of Rabat have undertaken territorialized actions. Indeed, the built fabric of this city is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. In addition, the city has adopted an integrated urban development program. This article aims to examine the reconciliation between the heritage status of the city and the urban projects undertaken within the framework of this program. The analysis is based on a documentary study.

Cultural Economics

Mutualisation and collegiality in employing cultural associations in France

The survey on employing cultural associations in France, conducted in 2019-2020 by the resource center Opale, allows a first exploration of the modes of mutualisation and forms of collegiality these organisations practise. A secondary processing of quantified survey data reveals a partly cumulative and correlated hierarchy of these modes and a generally more intense practise when collegial deliberation and decision-making bodies exist. Nevertheless, there are also clear differences, both according to the fields of activity and the types of structure which are considered. The varying intensity of the modes of pooling and of collegial forms thus creates a highly contrasted landscape.

Cultural Economics

Multiple Equilibria and Unsustainable Runs in Major League Baseball: More Evidence

Teams that operate in professional sports leagues often display a cyclical pattern in team winning percentages that are driven by the payroll choices of owners that are inconsistent with a single, stable equilibrium. Two explanations emerge: a stable equilibrium that is shifting over time due to shifts of the revenue or payroll function; or moving between two stable equilibriums. We employ the Bounds test for cointegration between relative team revenues and payrolls to detect multiple equilibria in a sample of Major League Baseball teams over the 1990-2018 seasons. The results suggest the possibility of multiple equilibria for five teams even after accounting for moves to new stadiums that s..

Cultural Economics

Unequal entanglements: how arts practitioners reflect on the impact of intensifying economic inequality

This article discusses how arts practitioners reflect on their work amidst deepening economic inequality. Given the renewed interest in the social role of arts institutions under conditions of financialised neo-liberalism, the paper traces the complex ways in which economic imperatives figure in cultural practice. Drawing on interviews with UK-based gallery directors, museum curators, art consultants, and artists, I map out how austerity politics and intensifying privatisation processes have a profound impact on the workings of the sector, how they recalibrate dynamics between private and public artworlds, and how they shape processes of production and curation. My data specifically document..

Cultural Economics

A policy proposal to deal with excessive cultural tourism

This paper presents a proposal to deal with cultural overtourism causing substantial negative effects. They burden the local population, tourists, and the natural environment by overcrowding, vandalism, and pollution. While at present tourism is suppressed by governments due to the COVID-19 pandemic, it will likely become a major issue again in the future. Our proposal allows us to think about the way cultural tourism should be organized in the future and how to mitigate the negative externalities affecting cultural heritage as well as the local population and the natural environment. As an innovation to overcome these problems, the heavily visited historical sites are to be replicated in a ..

Cultural Economics

PENA: THE TRADITIONAL MUSICAL INSTRUMENT OF MANIPUR

The folk fiddle instrument of Manipur “Pena” is one of the oldest and less known traditional instrument among other traditional instruments of India. This instrument availed before the Christian era and has been existing till today as an inseparable constituent signifying the identity of Manipur by occupying a special status in the cultural heritageof the Meitei communityfrom birth to death. It has been a companion in the transmission of oral tradition whether devotional, religious, amorous, festive or legendary. The study of Pena would require a large amount of field work involving observation, participation and data collection with the coverage offour main established areas viz, Kangle..

Cultural Economics

Cultural Imprinting: Ancient Origins of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Germany

A region’s present-day economic performance can be deeply anchored in historical factors. We provide the first systematic evidence of a deep imprinting effect in the context of Roman rule in the south-western part of Germany nearly 2,000 years ago. Our analysis reveals that regions in the former Roman part of Germany show a stronger entrepreneurship and innovation culture today, evident by higher levels of quantity and quality entrepreneurship and innovation. The data indicate that this lasting 'Roman effect' was constituted by the early establishment of interregional social and economic exchange and related infrastructure. Our findings thus help in unpacking the hidden cultural roots..

Cultural Economics

It’s selling like hotcakes: deconstructing social media influencer marketing in long-form video content on youtube via social influence heuristics

Purpose: This study aims to examine the ability of the social influence heuristics framework to capture skillful and creative social media influencer (SMI) marketing in long-form video content on YouTube for influencer-owned brands and products. Design/methodology/approach: The theoretical lens was a framework of seven evidence-based social influence heuristics (reciprocity, social proof, consistency, scarcity, liking, authority and unity). For the methodological lens, a qualitative case study approach was applied to a purposeful sample of 6 SMIs and 15 videos on YouTube. Findings: The evidence shows that self-promotional influencer marketing in long-form video content is relatable to all se..

Cultural Economics

Video games and the soulless business culture

The video game industry is having problems of placing short-term monetary gain over long-term vision.

Cultural Economics

Accounting and music: The role of Giuseppe Verdi in shaping the 19th century culture industry

The aim of this research is to investigate the contribution of Giuseppe Verdi and Casa Ricordi in shaping the 19th century music culture industry by adopting a new perspective on accounting and history. In 19th century Italy, opera represented an important phenomenon, both artistically and socially, playing a fundamental role of intermediary between society and the political sphere. The complex relationships between the composer (artist) and the publisher (cultural intermediary) are analysed in the specific field of opera music, outlining the evolution and interweaving of artistic, social, and economic aspects. The study embraces the period 1839–1893 and examines the economic and private r..

Cultural Economics

What We Teach About Race and Gender: Representation in Images and Text of Children’s Books

Books shape how children learn about society and social norms, in part through the representation of different characters. To better understand the messages children encounter in books, we introduce new artificial intelligence methods for systematically converting images into data. We apply these image tools, along with established text analysis methods, to measure the representation of race, gender, and age in children’s books commonly found in US schools and homes over the last century. We find that more characters with darker skin color appear over time, but "mainstream" award-winning books, which are twice as likely to be checked out from libraries, persistently depict more lighter-ski..

Cultural Economics

Tailoring rice varieties to consumer preferences induced by cultural and colonial heritage: Lessons from New Rice for Africa (NERICA) in The Gambia

Cultural Economics

Veneto: A manufacturing region with a cultural and creative edge

The COVID-19 crisis has provided an opportunity to rethink the Veneto Region’s economic strategy. This paper examines the links between cultural and creative sectors and the regional manufacturing economy of the Veneto Region in the North of Italy, highlighting the important role that cultural production, and in particular Venice, can play in the region’s post-pandemic recovery strategies.

Cultural Economics

The Ultimate Coasian Commitment: Estimating and Explaining Artist-Specific Death Effects

To extract part of their monopoly rent, Coase (1972) famously claimed that durable goods monopolists require some institutional device that allows them to restrict their output stream in a credible manner. We empirically test this proposition by applying it to the production of visual art. The ultimate commitment device in artistic production is the artist’s death. As living artists cannot commit to a pattern of restrained production, the prices of artwork increase when the artist dies. We identify with the help of a toy model the drivers of this so-called death effect and estimate individual death effects of a sample of famous visual artists who died between 1985 and 2011. Using data from..

Cultural Economics

Experts, Information, Reviews, and Coordination: Evidence on How Literary Prizes Affect Sales

We study the causal effect of literary awards on book sales, using France's most prestigious prize, the Goncourt. For this, we implement a regression discontinuity design, taking advantage of the fact that a committee of experts gives the prize to the book receiving the most votes. We observe that the Goncourt increases sales by 350 percent and that this effect is larger for books that sold fewer copies before the award. Additional results show that the prize results in more reviews on Amazon but increases the probability that they are negative. Finally, we report that the effect on sales is partly driven by an increase in word of mouth. These findings are consistent with a model where the G..

Cultural Economics

How big is home advantage at the Olympic Games?

We revisit the magnitude of home advantage at the Summer and Winter Olympic Games, looking back all the way to Athens in 1896. By comparing a host country’s success with their performances in previous and subsequent games, we find that home advantage has declined over time as participation and the diversity of competition have increased. Hosts of the Summer Olympics between 1988 and 2016 enjoyed a two-percentage-point boost in their shares of medals and finalists, compared with their performances overseas, in both men's and women's events. In this same contemporary period, the home advantage effect at the Winter Olympics was around fifty percent larger in men's events but non-existent..

Cultural Economics

Making music with bayesvl

So, Bản hòa tấu dữ liệu xã hội is finally published. This is officially my first book, so I feel like there should be something to mark the occasion.

Cultural Economics

Do Creative Industries Generate Multiplier Effects? Evidence from UK Cities, 1997-2018

The creative industries have received much attention from economic geographers and others, both for their propensity to co-locate in urban settings and their potential to drive urban economic development. However, evidence on the latter is surprisingly sparse. In this paper we explore the long-term, causal impacts of the creative industries on surrounding urban economies. Adapting Moretti’s local multipliers framework, we build a new 20-year panel of UK cities, using fixed effects and a historic instrument to identify effects on non-creative firms and employment. We find that each creative job generates at least 1.9 non-tradable jobs between 1998 and 2018: this is associated with creative ..

Cultural Economics

Digitally induced industry paradoxes: disruptive innovations of taxiwork and music streaming beyond organizational boundaries

The exponential growth of digital technologies and their increased importance in both organizational and everyday life poses new challenges to paradox research within management studies. Management scholars taking a paradoxical lens have predominantly focused on social paradoxes within the confines of the organization. Technological change has often been treated as an exogenous force bringing previously latent tensions to the fore. Such newly salient paradoxes are viewed as instigating managerial sensemaking and exploration of strategic responses that will re-establish equilibrium. Our investigation of how digital innovations disrupted London taxiwork and global music distribution shows some..

Cultural Economics

Playlisting Favorites: Measuring Platform Bias in the Music Industry

Platforms are growing increasingly powerful, raising questions about whether their power might be exercised with bias. While bias is inherently difficult to measure, we identify a context within the music industry that is amenable to bias testing. Our approach requires ex ante platform assessments of commercial promise - such as the rank order in which products are presented - along with information on eventual product success. A platform is biased against a product type if the type attains greater success, conditional on ex ante assessment. Theoretical considerations and voiced industry concerns suggest the possibility of platform biases in favor of major record labels, and industry partici..

Cultural Economics

Economia criativa brasileira no século XXI e os efeitos da pandemia: análise crítica de uma trajetória

Measuring the impact of the creative economy and its performance over time is a challenge, having seen its diversity in terms of products, forms of organization, spatial distribution and, above all, the difference in its definitions, dominant theories, and concepts. This paper aims to analyze the structure and evolution of the creative economy in Brazil from 2012 to 2021, in national terms, in regions and sectors, based on data on occupation, employment and income and exports. For this purpose, the IBGE's (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) National Continuous Household Sample Survey (PNAD-C), the Annual Social Information Report from the Ministry of Economy (RAIS) and data on ..

Cultural Economics

Art, management et vision stratégique des dirigeants de PME : Le modèle « Art-Vi.S.T »

Dans son état de l'art, Schnugg (2011) estime que la prise en compte de l'art dans le management n'est pas vraiment nouvelle mais que nous manquons encore de modèles. Si ce champ thématique se concentre sur les grandes entreprises, l'art et les artistes n'auraient-ils pas franchi les portes des PME ? Consécutivement plusieurs questions se posent : Quel est le rapport à l'art du dirigeant de PME, dit autrement, y est-il sensible ? Quelles sont les traductions managériales et décisionnelles de cette sensibilité à l'art dans la PME ? Les dirigeants de PME auraient-il une vision artistique alimentant une vision stratégique d'ensemble ? Afin de répondre de façon structurée à ces que..

Cultural Economics

Good Reverberation? Teacher Influence in Music Composition since 1450

Teachers and mentors in creative fields ranging from scientific research to the arts may shape their students' skills and views of the craft, and in turn the work they produce. How significant is this influence, how long does it last, and are there consequences for the variety and quality of students' inventive output? We study these questions in the context of Western music composition over five centuries, a historically important cultural institution, and in a setting where composers' musical lineage is well-documented, the content of their work can be directly compared, and its lasting value can be measured. We find strong evidence of influence, document when it arises and persists, and e..

Cultural Economics

How Sensitive are Sports Fans to Unemployment?

We analyze attendance of professional football matches in England finding that it is related to unemployment over a very long period of time. More unemployment leads to lower attendances. Distinguishing between leagues, we find that the relationship is larger for lower leagues, i.e. attendance of lower quality football events are more sensitive to fluctuations in unemployment.

Cultural Economics