Scientists discover a neural signature that predicts how depressed patients will respond to brain stimulation
A team of scientists have discovered a biomarker that could help predict whether brain stimulation will increase the effectiveness of therapy for those suffering from depression. Their findings have been published in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology.
Poor Fit Between Job Demands, Reasoning Abilities Associated With Chronic Health Conditions
WASHINGTON — Older workers whose reasoning abilities no longer allow them to meet the demands of their jobs may be more likely to develop chronic health conditions and retire early, which may not be ideal for the employee or employer, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.
Glial cells are critical players in brain’s response to social stress
Exposure to violence, social conflict, and other stressors increase the risk for psychiatric conditions such as depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. Not everyone who experiences significant stress will develop such a response, however, and the cellular and molecular basis for an individual’s underlying resilience or susceptibility to stressful events has remained poorly understood. Now, a newly published paper in the journal eLife from researchers at the Advanced Science Research Center (ASRC) at The Graduate Center, CUNY suggests that the behavior of oligodendrocytes — the glial cells that produce the myelin sheath that protects nerve fibers — plays a critical role in determining whether we succumb to or tolerate stress.
Is Personality Influenced by Early Psychic Wounding?
How does personality develop in childhood? Experiences during this time period build expectations for social relations carried throughout life. Attachment is one such set of expectations that are integrated into one’s developing neurobiology (Schore, 2019; Siegel, 2012).* Yet in terms of personality, developmental psychology tends to emphasize what it considers the genetic aspects of temperament.
There Are Two Types of Misinformation
Misinformation of all types continues to affect what you believe. Over the last decade, people have become sensitive to “fake news.” There is real concern that people will hear false information via the internet that they initially believe to be true. The presence of a lot of misinformation is important because of the continued influence effect, which is the observation that the first pieces of information people hear continue to affect what people believe, even when they later find out that information is false.