Speech Analysis Can Help Measure Diagnosis, Severity, and Onset of Mental Illness
Objective measurement of psychiatric disorders has long proved challenging. Yet, there is ample evidence that analysis of speech patterns can accurately diagnose depression and psychosis, measure their severity, and predict their onset, according to a literature review featured in the January/February issue of the Harvard Review of Psychiatry. The review examined current published literature related to the use of speech pattern analysis to manage psychiatric disorders and identified four key areas of application: diagnostic classification, severity assessment, onset prediction, as well as prognosis and treatment outcomes. “Models that bring together multiple speech features can distinguish speakers with psychiatric disorders from healthy controls with high accuracy,” writes Rudolf Uher, PhD, MD, Dalhousie University Department of Psychiatry and Nova Scotia Health, and colleagues Katerina Dikaios, MSc, Sheri Rempel, MSc, Sri Harsha Dumpala, MSc, Sageev Oore, PhD, and Michael Kiefte, PhD, in the January/February issue of Harvard Review of Psychiatry.
Treatment for oppositional defiant disorder
Therapy is one of the treatment options for children with ODD. We explore the different types that may benefit children with ODD below. Parent Management Training Parent management training (PMT) is the primary treatment for ODD. It follows the principles of social learning theory and operant conditioning, the use of positive reinforcements, to promote prosocial behaviors and decrease unwanted behaviors. PMT helps examine how a caregiver’s behavior inadvertently reinforces undesirable behaviors in the home. It teaches effective parenting behaviors to promote positive interactions and improve the child’s behavior. Several notable PMT programs include: Incredible Years: This program involves 2-hour weekly sessions over 13–16 weeksTrusted Source. During this time, parents watch videos of proper and improper examples of child management. The program also asks them to rehearse approaches and complete weekly activities at home. Positive parenting program (Triple P): This offers advice and training programs for parents and children (ages 0 to 16), as well as coping skills and support. Defiant teens: Some healthcare professionals may offerTrusted Source a program based on a method by Dr. Russell Barkley and Dr. Arthur Robin outlined in their book, Defiant Teens. There is also a book aimed at parents called Your Defiant Teen.
New project seeks to develop an online driver safety test for people with dementia
University of Queensland researchers are working with people living with dementia to develop an online driver safety test that can be performed by GPs in their surgeries. Approximately 472,000 Australians are living with dementia and there is currently no clear line when driving is deemed unsafe. Dr Theresa Scott, from UQ's School of Psychology said there are many negative impacts when people are forced to stop driving. Flaws in current driving tests mean people living with dementia are sometimes given no formal assessment, or they are told they have to stop driving as soon as they are diagnosed even when they could continue driving safely. Some people don't accept the decision to stop driving as they feel they haven't been fairly assessed, and continue driving which puts them and others at risk. Our new fitness-to-drive assessment is the first reliable and valid test that incorporates real on-road footage and gives the person a 'behind-the-wheel' driver's perspective. We hope this project will reduce traffic crashes, driving-related referrals and associated costs for health professionals, such as neurologists, geriatricians, and occupational therapy driving specialists." Dr Theresa Scott