NEWSLETTER : 교육학 학술정보큐레이션서비스
Why students need to learn academic words
Method, analyse, conversely. These words are more useful than you think. These and other “academic” words are used in writing and speech at school and other educational settings without being specific to any discipline. They can be used, among other things, to describe research (method, analyse) and to structure speech and writing (conversely). What’s more, knowing them can predict performance at primary school, secondary school and university. In other words, how well students know academic words may affect how well they do at school. But although students are surrounded by academic words, they are not typically taught them at school – so learning them can be challenging.
Children with dyslexia show stronger emotional responses
Children diagnosed with dyslexia show greater emotional reactivity than children without dyslexia, according to a new collaborative study by UC San Francisco neuroscientists with the UCSF Dyslexia Center and UCSF Memory and Aging Center. In the study, published online in an early form November 20, 2020 in Cortex, children with dyslexia who watched emotionally evocative videos showed increased physiological and behavioral responses when compared to children without dyslexia. This higher emotional reactivity was correlated with stronger connectivity in the brain's salience network, a system that supports emotion generation and self-awareness. The results broaden current conceptualizations of typical dyslexia and suggest the syndrome is much more complex than just a weakness in reading skills, adding support to the growing awareness that dyslexia is often associated with hidden interpersonal strengths.
Ending Discrimination in Education: a key instrument to protect the right to education
With the world’s most vulnerable children and youth at risk of missing out on education as a fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic, UNESCO is urging all countries to protect better the fundamental right to learn by ratifying the Convention against Discrimination in Education, adopted on 14 December 60 years ago. As part of a new campaign to raise awareness of the Convention, UNESCO is launching a conversation about extending our understanding of the right to education to reflect increasingly crucial global needs, namely digital inclusion, learners’ data privacy and access to lifelong learning. The Convention, the first legally binding international instrument entirely dedicated to the right to education, has been ratified by 106 countries to date: 28% of countries in the Asia Pacific region, 46.8% in sub-Saharan Africa, 60.6% in Latin America and the Caribbean, 63.1% in Arab States to 68% and 88% respectively in Western Europe and North America, and Eastern Europe.
내년부터 전학년 무상교육 실현
내년부터 고등학교 1학년도 고교 무상교육 대상에 포함된다. 이로써 초·중·고교에 대한 전면 무상교육이 실현된다. 유치원 유아학비 지원액이 공립은 기존 월 6만원에서 8만원으로, 사립은 기존 월 24만원에서 26만원으로 2만원씩 증액된다. 교육부는 이 같은 내용이 반영된 76조 4,645억원 규모의 내년도 예산이 국회에서 확정됐다고 지난 2일 밝혔다. 교육부 예산 규모는 2020년도 추가경정예산 75조 7,317억 원 대비 7,328억원 증액됐다. 분야별로 보면 ▲유아 및 초·중등교육 70조 9,707억원 ▲고등교육 11조 1,455억원 ▲평생·직업교육 1조 534억원 ▲교육일반 1,343억원 ▲사회복지(교육급여, 공적연금 등)에 5조4,938억원이 투입된다. 정부는 내년 예산 중 9,431억원을 투입해 내년부터 고등학교 무상교육을 전 학년으로 확대한다. 고교 무상교육 예산은 43.0% 증액됐고, 고교 무상교육 대상도 87만 7,000명에서 124만1,000명으로 확대된다. 현재 고 2·3학년은 무상교육 대상이지만 1학년은 무상교육에서 제외됐다. 이 때문에 고등학교 1학년생은 입학금과 수업료, 학교 운영비 등 수업료를 내고 있다. 전국 17개 시·도교육청 가운데 15개 시·도 교육청은 자체 재원을 확보해 고1 무상교육을 올해로 앞당겨 시행하고 있으나 경기·전북 교육청은 고교 무상교육을 조기에 시행하지 않고 있다. 고교 1학년까지 무상교육 대상에 포함되면서 내년부터 초·중·고교 전체 학생이 무상으로 교육을 받게 될 전망이다.
Developing competencies in education for the AI Era
The International Forum on AI and the Futures of Education will convene education and technology experts from around the world from 7 to 8 December 2020 to discuss AI skills for the futures of education and AI as a common good for education. Under this year’s theme of ‘Developing Competencies for the AI Era’, this virtual two-day event will start the first day with defining and developing AI competencies, followed by a consultation on the futures of education and the way forward. The event – organized in partnership with the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China, and the National Commission of the People’s Republic of China for UNESCO – will convene education and technology experts from around the world to discuss AI skills for the futures of education and AI as a common good for education. Participants will share policies and practices in defining the competencies required in the AI era, and examine strategies to prepare all people to live and work with AI effectively.